Home > Basic Principles > The Six Evils and the Seven Emotions > Summer-heat Evil
Six Evils : I. Wind | II. Cold | III Summer-heat | IV. Dampness | V. Dryness | VI. Fire


Summer-heat belongs to the element of fire and is predominant during the summer season. Major symptoms of summer heat are excess body heat, profuse sweating, parched mouth and throat, constipation, and heart palpitations. When summer-heat combines with dampness, it produces abdominal pains, vomiting, and intestinal spasms.

Characteristics of the Summer Heat Evil:
  Summer-heat belongs to the yang evils; it is hot in nature.
  The summer-heat evil is characterized by ascension and dispersal; it can consume qi (vital energy) and impair body fluid.
  The summer-heat evil often mingles with pathogenic dampness.
An excess of summer heat evil can lead to a parched throat or mouth.