Based on four examination techniques, TCM practitioners will diagnosis osteoporosis according to its clinical symptoms and further characterize it by the disharmony patterns displayed by each individual. At various stages of disease, different disharmony patterns are present and individuals with the same disease will be treated differently depending on the type of disharmony pattern they have. Atherosclerosis usually classify into 6 type:
||Blockage of heart vessels due to ae blood stasis pattern.
||Blockage due to a phlegm dampness pattern
||Deficiency of both qi and yin
||Deficiency of heart yang
||Obstruction of heart yang
||Deficiency of kidney yang
Detailed descriptions of these have been given in the "symptoms" section.
According to TCM theory, individual with chest pain syndrome should be differentiated from either a fluid retention syndrome in the throat, stomach pain or emergency heart pain.
Fluid Retention Syndrome in the Thorax (Chest):
'Fluid retention syndrome in the thorax' is an accumulation of fluid dampness in the thorax. Its presentation is similar to chest pain syndrome. Both lead to chest pain, but fluid retention syndrome is usually associated with persistent distension of the lower chest region, which will be aggravated by coughing, spitting and breathing. Shortness of breath might also be present.
Some forms of chest pain originate from the stomach area and can easily be confused with chest pain syndrome. However, stomach pain is usually associated with hiccupping, flatulence (gas) and regurgitation of stomach acid.
Emergency Heart Pain:
Emergency heart pain is a complication of chest pain syndrome. It is marked by persistent, severe heart pain. Patients look pale, have purple lips, cold limbs and sweat. The pulse is frail and weak. This is an emergency and must be treated immediately by trained medical staff, preferably in a hospital emergency room.
Note: If a TCM practitioner suspects there might be a serious problem that Chinese medicine alone cannot treat, he or she will recommend the individual to see a Western doctor for further follow-up.